What is Forensic science?
Forensic Science is the application of scientific knowledge and methodology to criminal and civil laws. Forensic science is a multidisciplinary course. It implicates various areas of science such as chemistry, psychology, engineering, social science, geology, biology, etc. It is the primary study of science and criminal justice.
Forensic science is composed of two Latin words: forensic and science. Forensic refers to a discussion or examinations performed in crime scenes while science is derived from the Latin word for 'knowledge'.
If you want to work in this field, you should have a determined and focused mind. Keen observations and analysis skills are the major aspects of forensic scientists.
Who is the first forensic scientist in the world?
Archimedes is the first forensic scientist in the world.
What is the role of forensic scientists?
They help to gather, maintain and analyze physical data during the course of an investigation. They are also called criminalists and crime scene investigators. Some forensic scientists travel to the crime scenes to gather the data or evidence while some of them acquire the laboratory roles. They also use computers to investigate DNA and other proves gathered at crime scenes.
They testify as expert witnesses in both criminal and civil cases. They can work for either the prosecution or the defense.
Developments in Forensic science:
In the past few years, detailing forensics scenes has become more worthwhile. Forensic scientists have started using various techniques such as laser scanners, drones, Hair Analysis, Forensic Facial Reconstruction, Fingerprint Analysis, Luminol Spray, photogrammetry to collect 3D pictures of accidents or crime scenes. Drones play a very vital role in reconstructing the crime scenes that involve a time of only 10-20 minutes without disturbing the traffic.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has proposed the organization guidelines upon which the science should build. NIST suggests that forensic science rebuilds its system. 21st-century forensics will be different from what it was before if regional laboratories abide by the guidelines proposed by the NIST. The National Institute of Standards and Technology recently has made one addition that is called NISTIR-7941, titled "Forensic Science Laboratories: Handbook for Facility Planning, Design, Construction, and Relocation"
Top Five Latest Technologies In Forensic Science:
Forensic Science Courses And Duration:
Forensic Science Specializations:
Forensic Science specializations include:
Eligibility and Admissions:
Following is t
Forensic Science Universities in India:
Scope of Forensic Science:
The scope of Forensic Science is very vast. There are extensive and endless opportunities in this field due to the increase in crime rate and criminals. There are lots of job opportunities in various private and government sectors. You can even open your own forensic service office. The need for Forensic Scientists is huge all around the world.
Forensic Science Job Profiles:
Following are the job profiles offered to forensic scientists:
Forensic Science Top Recruiters:
Salary of Forensic Scientists:
In govt. the sector, salary is based on the structure and pay scale. In the private sector, a handsome salary is offered to the experienced candidates by the agencies. After completion of qualification in Forensic Science, candidates can earn Rs. 3 Lac to Rs. 4 lac per year and with experience, professionals can earn Rs. 6 lac to Rs. 8 lacs per annum. And if you are working abroad, you can earn $55,040 per year.